I’m Kate Dewhirst.

I’m a lawyer who writes about legal issues affecting healthcare in Canada

Kate Dewhirst Health Law - bringing the law to life. Meet Kate (in 13 seconds)

Protect yourself and your healthcare organization! Review your employment contract template and termination release language (Guest Blogger: Maria McDonald)

Posted by

By Maria McDonald, McDonald HR Law

You ask your lawyer to draft your health organization’s employment contract or termination release language because you want it done right.

  • You want to limit your exposure for termination pay in an employment contract
  • You want to ensure the termination release prevents the employee from raising any more legal issues once you settle
  • You want a lawyer to draft these documents to ensure the contract/release do what they are supposed to do

Sounds reasonable.

Your lawyer drafts the documents and now you can breathe a sigh of relief.

But consider this.

Employment contracts and releases are subject to interpretation by judges.

Judges are individuals and their judgments are not always predictable.

Well established principles and language (in contracts/releases) that your lawyer depended on to draft those documents can be turned on their head by the decision of one judge.

We saw this happen in 2012 when one judge in Stevens v. Sifton Properties Ltd.held that a standard termination clause (used in literally thousands of contracts in Ontario) which limited termination pay to Ontario Employment Standards Act, 2000 minimum was void because the clause didn’t specifically mention benefit continuation or severance payments under the ESA. The employer was required to pay the much more expensive common law notice.

This decision sent shock waves through the legal community because the judge rejected standard ESA minimum termination language. There have been countless court cases since Stevens as employees try to void their “ESA only” termination clauses and collect common law notice. Some were successful, many were not; as the courts have issued several opposing and frankly contradictory decisions.

Most recently in 2018, another Ontario judge threw the legal community (and employers) for a loop when he held in Watson v. The Governing Council of the Salvation Army of Canada that release language (signed by the employer and employee to finalize all claims in a settlement) stating the settlement covered all claims” connected to the employee’s employment” does NOT cover alleged acts of workplace sexual harassment.

As such in that case, even though the matters of termination between the employee and employer had settled and money had been exchanged; the employee was still entitled to sue the employer for sexual harassment during the employment.

There is no doubt this decision was a stretch; most likely borne of sympathy for the employee. But it throws into question whether standard form release language will shield employers against workplace sexual harassment claims. I predict a multitude of new courts cases and decisions which will cast this issue into a period of murky confusion for the next decade.

In the meantime, lawyers will endeavor to draft more specific and lengthier language to ensure their clients’ releases settle ALL matters between employees and employers, connected to employment or not including any type of claim you can think of under the sun in this universe or any other universe. Ever wonder why legal documentation gets so longwinded and frankly ridiculous at times?

Bottom line for healthcare organizations:  The main takeaway is this. You MUST have your employment contracts and termination release language updated on a regular basis. I would suggest at least every two years at a minimum plus whenever you are advised of specific significant changes in the law such as in this blog post.

Maria McDonald is a friend of Kate Dewhirst Health Law and an excellent employment lawyer for healthcare organizations.  Contact her at: maria@mcdonaldhrlaw.com if you are interested in having your contracts or releases reviewed.

Also, Maria is a main contributor to the Legal Issue for Primary Care Teams monthly webinar series.  Click here for more information and our 2019 season details will be posted in October.


If you enjoyed this article please share it:


Previous and next posts from Kate:

Some of Kate’s recent and upcoming events

Team Privacy Training Events

September 17, September 24, October 16, October 24 and November 21

For Primary Care clinics, Children’s Aid and FHTs

Kate trains health professionals from many more primary care organizations how being privacy-respectful can improve therapeutic relationships. more details...

Speaking event

October 23, 2019

Osgoode Professional Development – Mental health Certificate

Kate joins the faculty for this training event. More details...

Primary care webinars: Contracts & Communications

September 5 and October 3, 2019, 12 noon

Part of Kate’s monthly webinar series.

Our September webinar is about understanding contracts you may be asked to sign, and in Octber our title is Managing incapacity in the workplace.

Full details of the 2019 webinar series and registration here.

Privacy Officer training

November 5, 11, 18, 25 & December 2, 2019

Kate is the program chair for the Osgoode Certificate in Privacy in Healthcare.

This program explores the range of privacy interests that must be protected in the day-to-day treatment of patients, the development of information systems and the creation of institutional policies.More details ...

Advanced Privacy Officer training

December 10, 2019

For experienced Privacy Officers within healthcare organisations.

This one day training course focuses on how to handle difficult privacy situations using real-life (but anonymized) case studies and role-play. Full details and registration here...

Free healthcare privacy webinar - ask me anything!

August 7 and September 4, 2019, 10-11am EST

Free webinars - advance registration needed

Whether you're an experience privacy officer or new in the field, pick Kate’s brain for free for an hour, in this live webinar. No charge, but you’ll need to register in advance.

Kate Dewhirst Health Law

Kate says:

My mission is bringing the law to life. I make legal theory understandable, accessible and fun! I’m available and love to work for all organizations in the healthcare sector across Ontario and beyond.

Subscribe to my mailing list and keep up to date with news:

Latest Tweets

Webinar recording now available! Topics covered: - Health privacy law update - When do children make their own info… https://t.co/IN3OPtYePb

about 15 hours ago

Have you witnessed a bad situation where the organization’s response or lack of response made things worse?… https://t.co/m887F6v81U

12:00 PM Jul 15th

One of the key privacy messages every healthcare organization needs to know is a patient has a right to access thei… https://t.co/ogGXOVTf5A

12:01 PM Jul 14th

contact details

901 King Street West Suite 400 East Tower
Toronto Ontario M5V 3H5

(416) 855 9557

.